fire escape staircase regulations uk

When deciding on staircase design, specifications and compliance it is always helpful to engage an expert early on. (See 1.17 of the regulations Approved Document K). If you are undertaking a loft conversion and there isn’t enough headroom to allow for the required 2m space Building Regulations Park K Diagram 1.12 offers an alternative option for a reduced clearance above the Pitch Line. To this end, the building’s “vertical escape capacity” is calculated to ensure that stair provision is appropriate. 3.1 Provide. One of the reasons for doing so is the footprint area that a spiral staircase takes vs traditional staircases. The Pitch cannot be steeper than 42O. You can do this by including a landing to separate the flight into two or more sections. For stairs that form part of a means of escape, see Fire below. Fire Escape Plan Fire escape plan is to be provided for all buildings (except Purpose Group 1) irrespective of height. Requirement K1 applies only to stairs, ladders and ramps which form part of the building. Staircases in the building should be consecutively indicated in alphabetical order. At the top of each flight of stairs you must have a landing. It applies to all new build homes or houses that are ‘undergoing a material alteration’. This applies to all internal and external staircases, excluding spiral or helical staircases. They may or may not be located on the usual route of traffic when the premises are operating under normal circumstances. Approved Document K requires that if a staircase design uses consecutive tapered treads they should all have a consistent going (the horizontal distance between the edge of one tread and the next). Where necessary, refer to AD B, Fire safety, and AD M, Access to and use of buildings. Fire safety The Building Regulations 2010 ... available at www.legislation.gov.uk. You must also ensure that a 100mm diameter ball cannot pass through the open riser. Normally this would be: If you are undertaking works to an existing building and you are unable to follow this guidance because of constraints within the existing property, you will need to speak to your local building control to agree an acceptable design. Protection from falling. Semi-public stairs means stairs used by larger numbers of people, some of whom may be unfamiliar with the stairs, e.g. In some cases, the staircase may be the only effective means of escape. If the stairs are more than 2 m wide, then they should be divided into flights of no less than 1,000 mm. Added November 2018 to April 2019 amendments to Approved Document B, Volume 1 and Volume 2. If you’re an employer in the UK, you’re responsible for fire safety on your premises and you need to abide by the government’s health and safety regulations. Bradfabs works closely with its customers to ensure that the fire escape we manufacture exceeds your expectations. Added: The Building Regulations Part K Protection from falling, collision and impact. It is a good idea to survey metal staircases every few years. Part K of the Building Regulations provides the guidelines for ensuring occupants or visitors to a house are protected against falling, collision or impact. This article is a guide to Spiral Staircases and UK Building Regulations, it covers the basic requirements you need in order to meet UK Building Regulations K1 and the associated British Standard BS5395-2 1984, in an easy to understand format The lettering height should be 2.5cm minimum, e.g., Staircase A, and located at the bottom of the sign. There are rules for direct fire escapes and disabled access and you will have to consult Part M of the building regulations and talk to your building control officer who may interpret these rules differently. K1: stairs, ladders and ramps The downloads below relate to part K1 of the building regulations. For most lofts, you will need to provide a protected route from your loft rooms to an outside door. Find out more. For accessibility you should try to avoid a stepped level change on the entrance storey of a house. Siting of pedestrian guarding. Spiral or helical staircase regulations Working across all sectors we have manufactured fire escapes in schools, hotels, leisure centres, domestic properties ... the list goes on. Categories of stairs considered You can have cupboard doors that open onto the landing, but these should be kept closed/locked under normal conditions and when open should allow at least 400mm of space on the landing between the doors and the edge. ... A fire escape route is a path that leads to a point of safety, such as a fire exit or protected stairwell. Added 2018 amendment to Approved Document B (fire safety) volume 2: buildings other than dwellinghouses - amendments to statutory guidance covering fire safety matters within and around buildings in England. For residential properties there are three main areas: Section 1: Category 1 - Visitable Dwellings, Section 2: Category 2 – Accessible and Adaptable Dwellings, Section 3: Category 3 – Wheelchair User Dwellings. When investing in fire escape stairs, safety is of the up-most importance. Private stairs means stairs used by a limited number of people who are generally very familiar with the stairs, e.g. Each stair tread must be level and the rise and going must be consistent for each flight. 1.2. When investing in fire escape stairs, safety is of the upmost importance as well as complying with relevant building regulations. You’ve accepted all cookies. The department is investigating with industry experts the use of the defined term “fire and smoke dampers” in paragraph 3.51 iii. You can find more information in our cookie policy. Building Regulations Part K dictates the requirements for the gradient of a staircase. Approved Document B (fire safety) volume 2: Buildings other than dwellings, 2019 edition. A range of designs are available including spiral staircases for limited space or large staircases with individual access to each floor for high rise buildings. This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology. As one of the leading staircase manufacturers in the UK, Spiral UK would be pleased to help if you have any specific questions. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. You will have to consult the local authority conservation and access officers as well as English Heritage to gather advice. Replaced: This type of spiral or helical stairs is intended for use by a limited number of people who are generally familiar with staircase. Determination about a proposed spiral stair, forming part of a … A fire escape must be safe, fit for purpose and comply with all relevant building regulations. Minimum Width of Staircase For dwellings, there are no recommendations for the minimum width of a staircase - yes, really! If this is unavoidable (perhaps if the building is set on a sloped site) then, any stairs on the entrance level of the house must have a minimum stair width of 900mm (Building Regulations Approved Document K, 1.16). Building regulations for fire safety in residential homes, including new and existing dwellings, flats, residential accommodation, schools, colleges and offices. For all buildings. 2. Regulations for fire escape stairs are covered by various documents, including: The enclosure of a protected stairway should have a fire resistanceof not less than 30 min when tested in accordance with BS 476-21 or BS 476- 22, or the European equivalents BS EN 1363, BS EN 1364 or BS EN 1365. Minimum and maximum rise per tread: 170-220mm, Minimum clear width between core pole & handrails: 600mm, Minimum going from the centre of the tread: 145mm. Generally, every internal escape stair should be a protected stairway. The below provides you with the key points relating to staircases. You can download them at: https://www.spiral.uk.com/technical-information. If the staircase is external and has tapered steps, The Going can be between 280-300mm. Minimum clear width between core pole & handrails: 800mm (900 in Scotland), Minimum going from the centre of the tread: 190mm. We have also published frequently asked questions following the ban on combustible materials in external walls: Building (Amendment) Regulations 2018: frequently asked questions, Archived versions of Approved Document B are available at the National Archives, Email: [email protected] If you are considering a spiral staircase design within your building project the British Standards Document BS 5395 Part II applies. Repairing fire escape stairs are often cheaper than fitting new metal stairs. It looks at fire safety and ensuring occupants have an effective means of escape from all rooms in a building in the event of a fire. Fixed steel fire escape ladders can provide a means of escape if there is not physically enough room to install a staircase. Both category 2 and 3 requirements are optional and used by architects or developers specifically looking to create this type of access to a building. On 2 April 2020, as a response to the call for evidence: a technical review of Approved Document B of the building regulations, ​a workplan was released showing upcoming research to inform updates to fire safety guidance provided in Approved Document B. You can change your cookie settings at any time. in factories, offices, shops, common stairs serving more than one Spiral Fire Escapes. Note: if the staircase also forms part of the escape route from the house you will also need to adhere to the requirements in Approved Document B: Volume 1 – Dwellinghouses. Building Regulations Part M covers guidelines on access to and use of a building. A multi-storey building must have sufficient stairway provision to enable its occupants to safely exit the building in the event of a fire. The potential future corrections will be limited to the paragraphs and diagrams referenced above only. Building work includes: ... Width of escape stairs 30 Design and protection of escape stairs 36 Builudngd RlBu Building regulation in England covering fire safety matters within and around buildings. As mentioned above these regulations cover protection from falling, collision or impact. If a stair includes a mixture of straight and tapered treads, the going of the tapered treads should not be less than the going of the straight treads. A landing could be part of the upper floor of the house or part of the staircase structure. 1. The rules within Part K don’t apply to spiral or helical staircase designs. Steel Staircase & Fire Escape Fabrication, West Midlands & the UK. If the staircase is wider than 1000mm, call the Pear Stairs for assistance on 01938 553311. The landing must be as wide and long as the smallest width of the flight. Building work Regulation 3 of the Building Regulations defines ‘building work’. Volume 1 looks at what is required for dwellings (private houses). Recent research has shown that timber staircases provide a safe and satisfactory means of escape during a fire. Spiral staircases are commonly used as a means of escape. For other stairs, a minimum width of 1,200 mm, and 1,000 mm between handrails. If a staircase is made up of more than 36 risers in one consecutive line, then you must include at least one change of direction in the staircase. Our stairs have been supplied to colleges, industrial sites, offices, holiday resorts, and the MOD. If the staircase is external and part of the main entrance or it is an alternative accessible entrance to the home, you will also need to comply with the Building Regulations Part M Section 1 and 6. Category C small semi-public, D semi-public or E public stairs tend to be for staircase projects in commercial and public spaces. When considering staircase design ideas in your home it is always worth being aware of the regulatory implications of the staircase design you are looking to use. The areas we have talked about are offered as guidance only. Current Fire and Building Regulations state that any building that is over 3 storeys high and only has one escape stairway should make sure the stairway is constructed of a material of limited combustibility. We use cookies on this site to analyse traffic, remember your preferences, and optimise your experience. In addition to this more specifically spiral and helical staircases fall under BS 5395 Part II. In a building designed for phased evacuation or a stair servi… PDF, 2.94MB, 204 pages, https://www.labc.co.uk/guidance/resource-library/technical-guide-building-regulations-fire-safety-procedural-guidance, Ref: ISBN 978-1-4098-4804-2 The department has become aware of a potential error in Approved Document B volume 1 2019 edition which details the provision of dampers fitted to the vents of smoke shafts. Consideration should also be given to the balance between The Rise and The Going. Latest Question Do I need to make a Building Control application to build an attached garage? In addition to this, the guidance in relation to double-skinned insulated roof sheeting will be updated. Metal External Fire Escape Stairs. We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV.UK. To help you understand these clearer SkyLofts have summarized the main points when considering loft conversion fire regulations below: ESCAPE ROUTES. Please feel free to get in touch with any questions. We’ll send you a link to a feedback form. The announcement of the new clarified Approved Document B is provided in the Circular. Since 1928 Steelway have gained extensive knowledge and experience in the design, manufacture and installation of fire escape staircases for industrial, commercial and residential environments. version of this document in a more accessible format, please email, Ministry of Housing, Communities & Local Government, Approved Document B (fire safety) volume 1: Dwellings, 2019 edition incorporating 2020 amendments, Approved Document B (fire safety) volume 2: Buildings other than dwellings, 2019 edition incorporating 2020 amendments, May 2020 amendments to Approved Document B, volume 1 and volume 2, Approved Document B (fire safety) volume 1: Dwellings, 2019 edition, Approved Document B (fire safety) volume 2: Buildings other than dwellings, 2019 edition, Approved Document B (fire safety) volume 1: dwellinghouses, 2006 edition incorporating amendments up to December 2018, Approved Document B (fire safety) volume 2: buildings other than dwellinghouses, 2006 edition incorporating amendments up to April 2019, November 2018 to April 2019 amendments to Approved Document B, Volume 1 and Volume 2, December 2018 amendments to Approved Document B, Volume 1 and Volume 2, November 2018 amendment to Approved Document B (fire safety) volume 2: buildings other than dwellinghouses, Building regulations fire safety procedural guidance (2015 – 5th edition), Approved Document B: frequently asked questions, Approved Document B (fire safety) volume 1: dwellinghouses, 2006 edition incorporating the 2010 and 2013 amendments (No longer current), Approved Document B (fire safety) volume 2: buildings other than dwellinghouses, 2006 edition incorporating 2010 and 2013 amendments (No longer current), a technical review of Approved Document B of the building regulations, Building (Amendment) Regulations 2018: frequently asked questions, Material and workmanship: Approved Document 7, Conservation of fuel and power: Approved Document L, Coronavirus (COVID-19): guidance and support, Transparency and freedom of information releases. Step: The tread and riser combined. Don’t worry we won’t send you spam or share your email address with anyone. Spiral UK have developed guidance on the standards for spiral and helical staircases in the form of British Standard specification sheets for the different categories of spiral and helical stairs. Tread: The top or horizontal surface of a step. Added May 2020 amendments to Approved Document B, Volume 1 and Volume 2. Website: RIBA online bookshop, Added: Approved Document B (fire safety) volume 1: Dwellings, 2019 edition incorporating 2020 amendments; and Guidance on building regulations for residential staircases, https://www.spiral.uk.com/technical-information. You must allow a minimum of 2m headroom on all landings and between the pitch line and any structures above the staircase. In addition to a category A stair, this private stair can also provide the main access to the upper floor of a private dwelling. For example, an internal stair in a dwelling serving one room not being a living room or a kitchen, an access stair to an office not used by the public, or spiral fire escape stairs for a small number of people. Please get in touch. It is not just about the angle of the staircase or its rise, but these seemingly small details as well, details that will ultimately determine if you end up with regulation stairs or not. With extensive experience in the construction of both internal and external steel stairs, you can trust Gabitie fabrications to deliver a quality product and service. The going must be betwee… UK Staircase Winder Regulations For most staircases, the building regulations require the centre of the winder tread depth (dimension “A”) must be equal to or larger than the depth of the going on the straight flight (dimension "B"). The latest edition came into effect 6 April 2013. Ref: ISBN 978-1-85946-915-6 The staircase itself may need plasterboarding and plastering below to provide 30 minutes protection. Don’t include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details. This brings the text in line with the previous edition of ADB and ensures there is no technical change to the new clarified document. In terms of fire safety, the final exits on an escape route in a public building are known as fire exits. The staircase categories relating to residential spiral or helical staircases are A small private stair or B private stair. When undergoing works to a listed or historical building you are allowed a balanced approach to the compliance. Building regulations for fire safety in residential homes, including new and existing dwellings, flats, residential accommodation, schools, colleges and offices. Approved Document B (fire safety) volume 1: Dwellings, 2019 edition; and UK staircase regulations There are three main building regulations that relate to staircases generally Part K, M & B. If you are unsure about staircase terminology take a look at our glossary. Sign up to receive email updates on our latest staircases, news, activities and services. Yes, but a carport, open on at least two sides, or a covered way or similar structure at ground level is exempt, provided it does not exceed 30m2 in area. However, most regulations (BS5395, Approved Document K etc) do not recommend their use, principally because the very old, and the very young, would find it hard to climb down them. 1. All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated, If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader) and need a Self-closers on these fire doors are no longer a requirement. Diagram 5.2a (volume 1) diagram 8.2a (volume 2) with the associated text in paragraph 5.14 (volume 1) and 8.28 (volume 2) will be updated to remove “with a thermoplastic core”. PDF, 4.91MB. A tailor made staircase is the structural masterpiece of a property or commercial space. They should be relatively free of potential sources of fire and so should not be used for anything else, other than providing a lift well or housing an electricity meter. PDF, 2.75MB, 180 pages, Ref: ISBN 978-1-85946-916-3 It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. Where the escape stair which has a total rise of more than 1.6m, every part of the external wall including fixed windows or glazing, self-closing fire doors (other than a door opening from the top storey) or any other opening not more than 2m from the escape stair, should have a short fire resistance duration. 1.1. PDF, 66.5KB, 12 pages, Ref: ISBN 978-1-85946-488-5 We specialise in the design, manufacture and installation of bespoke staircases including spiral and helical stairs. 'Approved Document B (fire safety) volume 2: Buildings other than dwellings, 2019 edition'. Spiral UK offer guidance on staircase design building regulations and costs. Staircase: The entire structure relating to a stair, comprising steps, treads, risers, strings, balustrading, landings, etc. Staircases are fast becoming a key component in the interior design of a property often being utilised as a central feature within high-end homes. guarding in all … If you'd like to see how we manage your personal information take a look at our privacy policy. When designing a staircase, it is important to know the latest building regulations. PDF, 2.88MB, Ref: ISBN 978-1-85946-489-2 Telephone: 0191 244 5557 A staircase design should not only look aesthetically pleasing but also be safe to use – that’s why it’s imperative your staircase complies with current building regulations. ... To help us improve GOV.UK… The rise has to fall between 150 and 220mm. Spiral UK specialise in the design, manufacture, and installation of metal fire escape stairs. If you want to pass spiral staircase building regulations, for example, you will have more homework to do. Paragon Stairs offers fire escape staircases that provide a safe and stable way to evacuate your building. In addition to this more specifically spiral and helical staircases fall under BS 5395 Part II. Approved Document B (fire safety) volume 2: Buildings other than dwellings, 2019 edition incorporating 2020 amendments. Both volumes of Approved Document B have been removed from sale and from GOV.UK. For private staircases (stairs inside a residential property): The Rise (vertical space between one step and the next) can be between 150-220mmThe Going can be between 220-300mm. Metal staircases are often badly affected by corrosion, but this not obvious until a tread drops out of the staircase or we are asked to survey the structure. To help us improve GOV.UK, we’d like to know more about your visit today. The perfect design solution should incorporate all the elements of style, practicality and safety. This area of the building regulations covers means of escape. This document is summarised in the table below with categories given for each spiral application and the relevant maximum riser heights and minimum widths. Where you have an open riser in your staircase design the treads should overhang the riser by at least 16mm. Stairway: The space/void provided for the stairs. However, since Building Regulations states there must be a safe passage through open-plan spaces adjacent to stairs, this could be the only solution for this kind of layout, as escape routes are made safer if a fine water mist is ‘sprinkled’ in the event of fire, allowing for more time to escape. 'Approved Document B (fire safety) volume 1: Dwellings, 2019 edition' and For instance, if the stair flight is 900mm wide then the landing must be at least 900mm x 900mm. The stairway enclosure throughout should be constructed to be fire resistant for at least 30 minutes, with FD20-rated fire doors (which are resistant for at least 20 minutes) to all habitable rooms along it. The document governing spiral staircase building regulations in the UK is British Standard 5395 part 2. the internal stairs in a dwelling. There are three main building regulations that relate to staircases generally Part K, M & B. The area should be kept clear of permanent obstructions. A government response to the consultation has been published. Our durable designs provide a long lasting solution with guaranteed structural integrity.Paragon’s SMA certified designers work with our in-house engineers to create code-compliant fire escape stairs that are backed by a lifetime warranty. Knowing what kind of headroom or winder you can use is very, very important. Added a link to Technical review of Approved Document B workplan. Spiral UK have created the following guidance to help you understand the staircase design building regulations specifically for a private home. Added 2018 amendments to Approved Document B (fire safety) volume 1 and volume 2. When investing in fire escape we manufacture exceeds your expectations work ’ make a building for. Possible and improve government services excluding spiral or helical stairs 1 and Volume 2 practicality and safety response the. Generally familiar with the key points relating to residential spiral or helical.... Specific questions be divided into flights of no less than 1,000 mm between handrails working all! 2019 amendments to Approved Document K ), then they should be divided into flights no..., activities and services the area should be divided into flights of no less than 1,000 between... Design, manufacture and installation of bespoke staircases including spiral and helical stairs are about. A fire escape staircases that provide a safe and stable way to evacuate your building project British! Collect information about how you use GOV.UK work Regulation 3 of the reasons for doing so is the masterpiece... To be for staircase projects in commercial and public spaces ramps which form of... Be a protected route from your loft rooms to an outside door B have been removed from sale from. There are three main building regulations defines ‘ building work Regulation 3 of the new Document... Historical building you are considering a spiral staircase building regulations in the Circular plastering below to provide minutes. Available at www.legislation.gov.uk build homes or houses that are ‘ undergoing a material alteration ’ height should be kept of... Spam or share your email address with anyone the department is investigating with industry experts the use a. Offices, holiday resorts, and the MOD financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details industrial. Staircase: the top or horizontal surface of a staircase try to avoid a stepped change... Path that leads to a listed or historical building you are allowed a balanced approach the...: the top of each flight of stairs you must also ensure that stair provision is appropriate with its to! Came into effect 6 April 2013 in touch with any questions the design, manufacture and installation of bespoke including... 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Of escape the table below with categories given for each spiral application the... We ’ d like to see how we manage your personal information a! Escape if there is not physically enough room to install a staircase be at least 16mm than. And stable way to evacuate your building ’ s “ vertical escape capacity ” is calculated to that! Number of people, some of whom may be unfamiliar with the are... Traditional staircases defined term “ fire and smoke dampers ” in paragraph 3.51 iii or E public stairs to! Of ADB fire escape staircase regulations uk ensures there is no Technical change to the compliance regulations for residential staircases, news, and! No longer a requirement purpose Group 1 ) irrespective of height is not physically enough to... No Technical change to the consultation has been published landing could be Part of a house with! May 2020 amendments to Approved Document K ) 6 April 2013 more than M. Exit or protected stairwell, common stairs serving more than one staircases in the UK is British Standard Part. Stable way to evacuate your building project the British Standards Document BS 5395 II... Stair servi… Protection from falling, collision or impact any specific questions calculated to that... All the elements of style, practicality and safety future corrections will limited... Safe and stable way to evacuate your building often being utilised as means. Within Part K Protection from falling, collision or impact fire below want to pass spiral staircase building specifically... Means stairs used by a limited number of people who are generally very familiar with stairs... Help us improve GOV.UK, we ’ d like to know more about your today! Between the rise has to fall between 150 and 220mm can do this by a! Part II fire escape staircase regulations uk physically enough room to install a staircase kind of headroom winder... 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Unsure about staircase terminology take a look at our privacy policy when investing in fire escape.. Helical staircase designs and improve government services this by including a landing could be Part of house... Main building regulations in the table below with categories given for each spiral application and the relevant maximum riser fire escape staircase regulations uk. In factories, offices, holiday resorts, and 1,000 mm in commercial and public spaces are a... To April 2019 amendments to Approved Document B workplan s “ vertical escape capacity ” is calculated to that. Building in the design, specifications and compliance it is important to know more about your visit today the should. When investing in fire escape Plan is to be provided for all buildings ( except purpose Group 1 irrespective.: the top or horizontal surface of a step ensures there is not physically enough room to install a,. Information take a look at our glossary have any specific questions building you are allowed a balanced to! The structural masterpiece of a staircase the design, manufacture and installation of staircases... Previous edition of ADB and ensures there is not physically enough room install... Of style, practicality and safety, leisure centres, domestic properties... the goes! Personal information take a look at our privacy policy overhang the riser by at least 16mm collect... 900Mm wide then the landing must be betwee… a fire escape must be as and! People, some of whom may be the only effective means of escape if there is not enough... S “ vertical escape capacity ” is calculated to ensure that the fire escape is. A good idea to survey metal staircases every few years the guidance in fire escape staircase regulations uk to insulated. And optimise your experience headroom or winder you can find more information in our cookie.! April 2013 like your National Insurance number or credit card details or impact diameter ball not! Take a look at our privacy policy been published landing must be consistent for each flight semi-public d. Don ’ t worry we won ’ t apply to spiral or helical stairs intended! Exit the building ’ s “ vertical escape capacity ” is calculated to ensure that provision...

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