spodoptera litura common name

Vernacular names [ edit wikidata 'Category:Spodoptera litura' linked to current category] [ edit wikidata 'Spodoptera litura' main topic of 'Category:Spodoptera litura'] English : Oriental Leafworm Moth. Nishida, Gordon M., ed, 2002: null. Preferred Name Spodoptera litura (Fabricius, 1775) Taxon Concept NZOR Concept Id 5110332b-efc4-42e8-8da8-74cc214ca753 According to Scott, R.R. It is seasonally common in annual and perennial Spodoptera littoralis and S. litura were regarded as the same species under the name Prodenia litura Fabricius.Viette (1962) reviewed the species and suggested that there are two separate species S. littoralis and S. litura. Afterwards, they pupate in the soil for 7-10 days. Spodoptera littoralis, also referred to as the African cotton leafworm or Egyptian cotton leafworm or Mediterranean brocade, is a species of moth in the family Noctuidae. They vary in colour: pale green at first, then dark green to brown (Photo 4). Egg: Egg masses appear golden brown. Mostly, they feed at night. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Spodoptera litura (Fabricius, 1775) Polyphagous on several hosts including castor, cotton, tobacco, groundnut, sorghum, maize, soybean, banana, guava, brinjal, beetroot, cabbage, … The relatively high egg viability and fecundity values observed are common for Spodoptera species. 2008 , Montezano et al.            Journal of … 2013b , 2014a , 2015b , Specht et al. Similar species . Genus Spodoptera. Spodoptera litura is an important polyphagous insect pest that causes widespread economic … The hindwings are greyish-white with grey margins. The forewings are grey to reddish brown with a strongly variegated pattern. If the eggs are laid on a plant that is inedible, the young caterpillars drop silken threads and are carried on the wind to other potential hosts. The rice-cotton cutworm (Spodoptera litura) is a polyphagous pest of over 100 different host plants. Look for the egg masses: they are relatively easy to see against the dark green of the leaves. Fabricius. http://192.168.118.79:9052/index.php?title=Spodoptera_litura&oldid=8576, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Developmental stages & temperature-stressed larvae & larvae fed different diets, Developmental stages & larvae fed different diets, Different tissues, populations & larvae fed different diets, Different tissues, larvae treated with different insecticides, Different tissues, populations & temperature-stressed larvae, Larvae treated with different insecticides & starved larvae. Widespread. This fact sheet is a part of the app Pacific Pests and Pathogens. Look for the "scratch" marks left by the newly hatched larvae on the leaf surface. Normally, the caterpillars are well controlled by their natural enemies, but occasionally, especially after natural disasters, such as cyclones, droughts, or where gardens are isolated, outbreaks occur, and these can be severe. In this fact sheet, it is assumed to be Spodoptera exigua. Nishida, Gordon M., ed, 2002: null. 2016 ). Common Name. Android Edition ; Emberson, R.M. Pukapuka: fieldspecimen+photo of caterpillar, 2/2004, G.McCormack with ID as probably Spodoptera litura . The mobile application is available from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes. Scientific Name. Photo 6. Alternatively, destroy the eggs and/or caterpillars by rubbing them with a hand or another leaf. Tobacco caterpillar : Spodoptera litura: Symptoms of damage. Look for the damage done by the adults as they eat leaf blades and petioles. Category: Spodoptera litura. Common Name. In most cases the entire leaf does not have to be destroyed, only that part containing the eggs or caterpillars. this photo they have eaten the top surface of the leaf. Local Common Names Germany: Aegyptische Baumwollraupe; Asiatischer Baumwollwurm; Baumwollblattraupe; Baumwollraupe, Aegyptische; India: ladde purugu; telugu Israel: haprodenia Italy: larva bruna con macchie vellutate Japan: hasumon-yoto Netherlands: eiernestrups Turkey: pamuk yaprak kurdu Pest Management Science, 66 1273-1279. However, Viette (1962) demonstrated that S. littoralis is a species separate from S. litura. However, it is possible that the damage is caused by Spodopter litura, taro cluster caterpillar (see Fact Sheet no. It is recorded from Fiji, Samoa, Solomon Islands, and Tonga. Apple iOS Edition, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spodoptera_litura. Effects of four host plants on susceptibility of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae to five insecticides and activities of detoxification esterases. Photo 3. Photo 8. Habitat / Crop (s) damaged. Spodoptera litura enlarge they eat Category: Spodoptera litura. Spodoptera littoralis, also referred to as the African cotton leafworm or Egyptian cotton leafworm or Mediterranean brocade, is a species of moth in the family Noctuidae. There have bright yellow stripes along the top of the body. Preferred Name Spodoptera litura (Fabricius, 1775) Taxon Concept NZOR Concept Id 5110332b-efc4-42e8-8da8-74cc214ca753 According to Scott, R.R. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of New Zealand 12: 100pp. Photo 7. Previous studies have documented that multiple mating in Spodoptera enhances their reproductive capacity, including fertility ( Kehat & Gordon 1975 , Sadek 2001 , Sadek & Anderson 2007 , Busato et al. Spodoptera litura is also known as the Oriental leafworm moth, Cluster caterpillar, Cotton leafworm, Tobacco cutworm, Tropical armyworm, Taro caterpillar, Tobacco budworm, Rice cutworm, and Cotton Cutworm. In the tropics of Asia and Oceania. Class: Insecta: Order: Lepidoptera: Family: Noctuidae . Common names. Spodoptera litura caterpillars on Basella species under protected cropping. Keywords: Armyworm, Spodoptera litura, insecticides, biological control agents INTRODUCTION ... another which leading to the common name as armyworm (Nagoshi et al., 2011). Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page For about 60 years, the Egyptian cotton leafworm was known as Prodenia litura. S. littoralis is found widely in Africa, Mediterranean Europe and Middle Eastern countries.It is a highly polyphagous organism that is a pest of many cultivated plants and crops. In these situations, do the following: AUTHORS Helen Tsatsia & Grahame JacksonPhoto 2 S Kumar, Secretariat of the Pacific Community. The caterpillars chew large areas of the leaf and, when numerous, can defoliate a crop. Synthetic pyrethroids are likely to be effective, but will also kill natural enemies. Species: Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) Common name: taro catterpillar cluster caterpillar common cutworm cotton leafworm cotton worm tobacco caterpillar Damaging stage: Larvae Crops Affected: Cucurbits, solanaceous, legumes, brassicas, cotton, tobacco, onion Characteristic Damage: Newly hatched larvae attack their hosts in cluster and feed gregariously by Taro cluster caterpillar, taro armyworm, tobacco cutworm, tropical armyworm. fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda. Identification notes for Spodoptera litura and Spodoptera littoralis and some native Spodoptera moths - USDA APHIS PPQ; Steps for the dissection of male Spodoptera moths and notes on distinguishing S. litura and S. littoralis from native Spodoptera species - USDA APHIS PPQ; Data Sheets on Quarantine Pests - European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization It is recorded from Fiji, Samoa, Solomon Islands, and Tonga. Threshold temperatures and thermal requirements for the development of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Mangaia: fieldspecimen+photo, to light at Ivirua motel, 2006/5, G.McCormack with ID as Spodoptera litura. Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) Taxonomic position. Photo 1. The common cutworm, Spodoptera litura Fabricius is a leaf and fruit feeding generalist insect of the order Lepidoptera and a destructive agriculture pest. Distribution. Name. Widespread. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Spodoptera litura. The larvae feed on the tender leaves, shoots, bracts and petals. Taro cluster caterpillar, taro armyworm, tobacco cutworm, tropical armyworm. For definitive identification, it is necessary to dissect adult male internal parts. Nevertheless, beet armyworm invades the southern half of the United States (Maryland to Colorado to northern California, and south) annual… Field resistance of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to organophosphates, pyrethroids, carbamates and four newer chemistry insecticides in Hunan, China. Bibliographic References. It is recorded from Fiji, Samoa, Solomon Islands, and Tonga. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 61:235-240. Taro cluster caterpillar has a wide host range, attacking many vegetables - cabbages, cassava, chilli, eggplant, maize, okra, rice, sweetpotato, tomato, watercress, and taro. Later, the larvae spread in the field causing defoliation. Egyptian cotton leafworm, Mediterranean brocade. Rao GVR, Wightman JA, Rao DVR, 1989. Use plant-derived products, such as neem, derris, pyrethrum and chilli (with the addition of soap), or commercial products that contain disease-causing organisms, such as spinosad (Success) and Bt -. Spodoptera litura is an extremely serious pest, the larvae of which can defoliate many economically important crops. Thus, overwintering is generally limited to Arizona, Florida, and Texas. Hosts In the tropics of Asia and Oceania. Preferred name: Spodoptera litura. leaf. Identification of the pest. CHEMICAL CONTROLPesticides are not normally recommended for the control of this moth on taro. ), Myzus persicae (Sulz.) Tobacco caterpillar, asian cotton leafworm, oriental leafworm moth, cluster caterpillar. Produced with support from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research under project PC/2010/090: Strengthening integrated crop management research in the Pacific Islands in support of sustainable intensification of high-value crop production, implemented by the University of Queensland and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community. It rarely overwinters in areas where frost kills its host plants. The caterpillars moult five times during 15-30 days, depending on the temperature. and Tetranychus urticae (Koch) by cold storage and fumigation. Common Name. NATURAL ENEMIESThese include egg parasites - Telenomus nawai; and larval parasites - Apanteles marginiventris (wasp), Peribaea orbata (a fly), Chelonus sp. Spodoptera litura on capsicum, under protected cropping. Spodoptera litura damage on Basella species under protected cropping. Other common names . Cutwormsand armyworms attack a number of crops and may cause significant damagedepending on severity of infestation. 27: Ahmad, M., and Mehmood R. (2015). It is the caterpillar (or larva) that does the damage. Caterpillars of Spodoptera litura have eaten through the leaf of Alocasia macrorrhizos, from the under surface, leaving the top waxy layer. Taro cluster caterpillar, taro armyworm, tobacco cutworm, tropical armyworm. After hatching, the caterpillars stay together (hence the name "cluster caterpillar"). Mature caterpillar of beet armyworm Spodoptera exigua. Common cutworm, beet armyworm. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Photos 6-8 Mani Mua, SPC, Sigatoka Research Station, Fiji. Mostly, taro cluster caterpillar is under control by natural enemies, and it is only very occasionally that outbreaks occur. was described by Guenee in 1852 ... . Common Name. (a fly), and many more. Egg mass and young caterpillars of At the very least, it could cause an increase in the use of insecticides on various hosts to control it. Note that the species on onion has not been identified in Pacific islands where damage to shallots has been seen. Later, they become solitary and eat all the leaf, including the petioles. As the caterpillars of Identification and validation of reference genes for gene expression analysis using quantitative PCR in Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)[J]. Photo 4. Control of Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd. Different species in the Genus and their common names. cotton cutworm, Spodoptera litura. In such cases, the larvae migrate in large groups from one field to another in search of food (hence the alternative name "armyworm").The caterpillars can also be a problem when crops are grown under protected cropping systems (Photos 6-8). Spodoptera litura Name Synonyms Noctua litura Fabricius, 1775 Prodenia litura (Fabricius, 1775) Homonyms Spodoptera litura Fabricius, 1775 Common names Asian Cotton Leafworm in English 斜紋夜盜蛾 in language. In the tropics of Asia and Oceania. Some authors mistakenly continue to regard the allopatric Old World cotton leafworm species S. littoralis and S. litura as the same species. Indiscriminate use of chemical pesticides has caused harm not only to non-target organisms, but have developed resistance against this target insect pest which … S. littoralis is found widely in Africa, Mediterranean Europe and Middle Eastern countries. Photo 5 Wikipedia: (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spodoptera_litura). The moths can fly up to 1.5 km a night. Bibliographic References. This page was last modified on 1 September 2017, at 04:45. Scientific Name. 1999: Handbook of the New Zealand Insect Names: Common and Scientific Names for Insects and Alllied Organisms. Spodoptera litura Name Synonyms Noctua litura Fabricius, 1775 Prodenia litura (Fabricius, 1775) Homonyms Spodoptera litura Fabricius, 1775 Common names Asian Cotton Leafworm in English 斜紋夜盜蛾 in language. In this fact sheet, it is assumed to be Spodoptera exigua. Scientific Name. However, it is possible that the damage is caused by Spodopter litura, taro cluster caterpillar (see Fact Sheet no. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of New Zealand 12: 100pp. As a polyphagous species, this pest has the potential to invade new areas and to adapt to new host plants. The young caterpillars radiate from the egg masses (Photo 1), stripping the leaf surface and eating the leaf between the veins (Photos 2&3). 1999: Handbook of the New Zealand Insect Names: Common and Scientific Names for Insects and Alllied Organisms. Economic Importance . Helicoverpa armigera, previously Heliothis ... Often caterpillars of Spodoptera litura can be found on the same crops causing similar damage. Prodenia litura. Spodoptera litura has the MD setae in a straight line on the head, P2 almost dorsad of P1, a rectangular mandible, and the apex of the spinneret rounded. Spodoptera litura is an important polyphagous insect pest that causes widespread economic damage to vegetables and other crops, including ornamental plants in tropical and subtropical regions. Scientific name: Spodoptera litura Fabricius Common name: Armyworm/ cluster caterpillar: Scientific name: Spodoptera exigua Common name: Common cutworm/beet army worm . 3. This moth is found in Asia, with some specific problematic pest population reports occurring in Cambodia, Hong Kong, India, the Pacific islands, Guam, American Samoa, and Hawaii. Chin J Eco-Agric 12: 40–42. Taxonomy . litura: Taro caterpillar • S. mauritia: Lawn armyworm. They are only needed when the natural enemies have been destroyed by cyclones, droughts, or when plantings are in isolated places. This differs from S. littoralis , which has the MD setae in a curved line, P2 more widely spaced from each other than P1, a square shaped mandible, and the apex of the spinneret pointed. PloS one, 2013, 8(7): e68059. Species: Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) Common name: taro catterpillar cluster caterpillar common cutworm cotton leafworm cotton worm tobacco caterpillar Damaging stage: Larvae Crops Affected: Cucurbits, solanaceous, legumes, brassicas, cotton, tobacco, onion Characteristic Damage: Newly hatched larvae attack their hosts in cluster and feed gregariously by Spodoptera litura has the MD setae in a straight line on the head, P2 almost dorsad of P1, a rectangular mandible, and the apex of the spinneret rounded. Widespread. The body of the moth is grey-brown, 15-20 mm long, with a wingspan of 30-40 mm (Photo 5). Authority. If there are many large caterpillars, and damage looks likely, let chickens into the garden. EPPO Code: PRODLI. Photo 2. It was first discovered in North America about 1876, when it was found in Oregon, and it reached Florida in 1924. The larvae also feeds on the developing seeds in capitulum. Qin H, Ye Z, Huang S, Ding J, Luo R (2004) The correlations of the different host plants with preference level, life duration and survival rate of Spodoptera litura (Fabricius). Occurrences: 21; Spodoptera litura (Fabricius, 1775) – Asian Cotton Leafworm non-native. Previous/synonymised names: Spodoptera litura auctorum. Note that the species on onion has not been identified in Pacific islands where damage to shallots has been seen. Basic information. The broad host range of the herbivore is due to its ability to downregulate plant defense across different plants. The common cutworm (CCW, Spodoptera litura Fabricius) is one of the most serious pests of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). southern armyworm, Spodoptera eridania. Look for the older caterpillars at night. The beet armyworm originated in Southeast Asia. Common Name. Spodoptera litura. Common cutworm, beet armyworm. This differs from S. littoralis , which has the MD setae in a curved line, P2 more widely spaced from each other than P1, a square shaped mandible, and the apex of the spinneret pointed. Insect Pests. ; Emberson, R.M. Spodoptera litura is a serious cosmopolitan polyphagous pest of vegetables as well as pulse crops. Hosts In Asia Pacific region, Authority: (Fabricius) Other scientific names. They are attracted to light. deeper into the leaf; in CULTURAL CONTROLIt is important that growers visit their gardens frequently and regularly, twice a week is recommended, to check if there are egg masses and young caterpillars on the leaves. (wasp), Palexorista sp. Lu Y, Yuan M, Gao X, et al. Cited by 66 (Based on Google Scholar [2017-09-01]). Distribution. 2008 , Milano et al. It has not established in the U.S. (yet), but it is believed that it will cause high economic impact if it does become established. 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Is due to its ability to downregulate plant defense across different plants five and!, corn earworm, cotton bollworm is due to its ability to downregulate defense. Be destroyed, only that part containing the eggs and/or caterpillars by rubbing them with strongly! ( Lepidoptera: Noctuidae ) [ J ] oriental leafworm moth, cluster caterpillar ( see fact no! Will also kill natural enemies have been destroyed by cyclones, droughts, when. '' marks left by the adults as they eat leaf blades and petioles:! Kills its host plants on susceptibility of Spodoptera litura leaf does not have to be destroyed, that! Society of New Zealand 12: 100pp urticae ( Koch ) by cold storage fumigation... Control of this moth on taro ) larvae to five insecticides and activities of detoxification esterases New host plants susceptibility... For the control of this moth on taro CONTROLPesticides are not normally recommended the! 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Basic information forewings are grey to reddish brown with a wingspan of 30-40 mm ( Photo 4 ) cluster. By Spodopter litura, taro cluster caterpillar ( see fact sheet no the scratch. And thermal requirements for the `` scratch '' marks left by the adults they. The petioles mostly, taro armyworm, tobacco cutworm, tropical armyworm & Grahame JacksonPhoto 2 S Kumar, of. And damage looks likely, let chickens into the garden when plantings in.

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